The catchment includes the River Avon and its various tributaries. Coventry is the largest urban area in the catchment and other towns include Rugby, Leamington Spa, Warwick, Stratford-upon-Avon, Evesham, Redditch and Tewkesbury. Agriculture accounts for a high proportion of the land use including arable, livestock, horticulture and market gardening and fruit and vegetable production around Evesham. The catchment has a high value for wildlife and there are a large number of designated sites.

The River Avon is navigable and a major resource for recreational activities such as boating, canoeing, fishing and walking. Water is abstracted primarily for public water supply, agriculture and industry. Water quality in the headwaters of the main tributaries is generally good. Elsewhere water quality problems are due to a mixture of the impact of sewage discharges, diffuse (urban and Agricultural) run off leading to nutrient enrichment and other pollution.